Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)

Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United
States. A person's lifetime risk of developing CRC is 1 in 20. Although CRC is one of the deadliest forms of cancer, it can be
CURED if caught early or prevented altogether.

Risk Factors

Call the Fayette County Health Department and see if FIT is the right option for you! (618)283-1044.
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease,
such as cancer. While some risk factors can be changed, others, like
your age or family history, cannot. Having a risk factor does not mean
you will get the disease, and some who get the disease do not have any
risk factors.

Researchers have found several risk factors that may increase your
chances of developing colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer, including:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Certain types of diets
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Being 50 years old or older
  • A personal history of colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer
  • A personal history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • A family history of colorectal cancer or adenomatous polyps
  • Having an inherited syndrome
  • Your racial and ethnic background
  • Having Type 2 Diabetes

The links between diet, weight, and exercise and colorectal cancer risk
are some of the strongest for any type of cancer. To learn more about
possible risk factors, visit the
American Cancer Society.
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Regular screenings, such as a colonoscopy, can often find colorectal cancer early, when it is most likely to be curable or even
prevented. Some polyps, or growths, can be found and removed before they have a chance to turn into cancer.

A Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) may be a good option for people aged 50 and over who are resistant to getting a colonoscopy.

FIT is an easy to use, take home stool sample test. FIT identifies patients who have blood in their stool, which can be a sign of
gastrointestinal disease, including colorectal cancer. Patients can mail their kit back to the health department in a prepaid mailer.
Tests are processed in the office the same day as they are received. The nurse will then follow-up with the results and let the
patient know if more testing is needed. There is no special diet or restrictions needed prior to the test.